Plasmonic Fluorescence Enhancement in Diagnostics for Clinical Tests at Point‐of‐Care: A Review of Recent Technologies

TitlePlasmonic Fluorescence Enhancement in Diagnostics for Clinical Tests at Point‐of‐Care: A Review of Recent Technologies
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsSemeniak, D, Cruz, DF, Chilkoti, A, Mikkelsen, MH
JournalAdvanced Materials
Pagination2107986
Date PublishedMar-25-2022
ISSN0935-9648
Abstract

Fluorescence-based biosensors have widely been used in the life-sciences and biomedical applications due to their low limit of detection and a diverse selection of fluorophores that enable simultaneous measurements of multiple biomarkers. Recent research effort has been made to implement fluorescent biosensors into the exploding field of point-of-care testing (POCT), which uses cost-effective strategies for rapid and affordable diagnostic testing. However, fluorescence-based assays often suffer from their feeble signal at low analyte concentrations, which often requires sophisticated, costly, and bulky instrumentation to maintain high detection sensitivity. Metal- and metal oxide-based nanostructures offer a simple solution to increase the output signal from fluorescent biosensors due to the generation of high field enhancements close to a metal or metal oxide surface, which has been shown to improve the excitation rate, quantum yield, photostability, and radiation pattern of fluorophores. This article provides an overview of existing biosensors that employ various strategies for fluorescence enhancement via nanostructures and have demonstrated the potential for use as POCT. Biosensors using nanostructures such as planar substrates, freestanding nanoparticles, and metal–dielectric–metal nanocavities are discussed with an emphasis placed on technologies that have shown promise towards POCT applications without the need for centralized laboratories.

URLhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/adma.202107986
DOI10.1002/adma.202107986
Short TitleAdvanced Materials